二十位國際學者與友人聯署發表聲明,憂心台灣司法不公

二十位國際學者與關心台灣的國際友人於今日發表聯署聲明,就近日一連串台灣政府不符合司法程序,收押與起訴民進黨政府官員的舉動,表示高度關心與憂心。這份共同聲明也於今日寄送司法院院長賴英照與法務部部長王清峰。

這是國民黨政府一系列大動作收押民進黨政府官員以來,國際學者首度發表公開聲明,呼籲台灣司法維持中立,勿受政治影響,以確保台灣民主與人權。

November 4, 2008

JOINT STATEMENT

US, European and Australian scholars and writers express concern about prosecutions in Taiwan

The undersigned, scholars and writers from the US, Europe and Australia wish to express their deep concern about the recent series of detentions in Taiwan of present and former DPP government officials.  To date there have been at least seven such cases (See list below).

以下聯署的國際學者對於近日台灣政府一連串拘留卸任與現任民進黨政府官員的行動,深表憂慮。直至今日,據我們瞭解共有七件類似案件。

It is obvious that there have been cases of corruption in Taiwan, but these have occurred in both political camps.  The political neutrality of the judicial system is an essential element in a democracy.  It is also essential that any accused are considered innocent until proven guilty in the court of law.

很明顯的,貪污這個問題在台灣依然存在,但是這樣的案例在兩大政黨裡均曾發生。司法系統維持政治中立是民主的基本要素。堅持任何被指控者在裁定有罪前均是無罪的法律理念也是必要的。

We also believe that the procedures followed by the prosecutor’s offices are severely flawed: while one or two of the accused have been formally charged, the majority is being held incommunicado without being charged.  This is a severe contravention of the writ of habeas corpus and a basic violation of due process, justice and the rule of law.

我們認為檢察官所採取的法律程序有著嚴重的缺失:雖然當一、兩位被指控者已被正式起訴時,大多數被指控者卻在未被正式起訴情況之下就遭到收押禁見。這嚴重違反了人身保護令以及正當法律程序、公義與法治。

In the meantime, the prosecutor’s offices evidently leak detrimental information to the press.  This kind of “trial by press” is a violation of the basic standards of judicial procedures.  It also gives the distinct impression that the Kuomintang authorities are using the judicial system to get even with members of the former DPP government.  In addition, the people who are being held incommunicado are of course unable to defend themselves against the misreporting and the leaks in the news media.

在此同時,檢察官辦公室很明顯地將相關不利消息透露給媒體。這種「透過媒體辦案」的方式違反司法程序的基本標準;也讓外界認為國民黨政府利用司法系統來報復已下台的民進黨政府。此外,被收押禁見的人,在與外界斷絕聯繫的情況下,無法澄清外界不實報導與媒體洩密。

We do firmly believe that any alleged wrongdoings must be dealt with in a fair and open manner in an impartial court.  Justice through the rule of law is essential to Taiwan’s efforts to consolidate democracy and protect fundamental human rights.

我們深信任何宣稱的犯罪行為應該以公正與公開的方式,在中立的法庭裡審判。透過法治落實司法,才能強化台灣民主與保障基本人權。

We do not want to see Taiwan’s hard-earned democracy jeopardized in this manner.  Taiwan can justifiably be proud of its transition to democracy in the late 1980s and early 1990s.  It would be sad for Taiwan and detrimental to its international image if the progress which was made during the past 20 years would be erased.  Taiwan needs to move forward, not backwards to the unfair and unjust procedures as practiced during the dark days of Martial Law (1947-87).

我們不願見到台灣辛苦得來的民主陷入如此困境。台灣因為在八零年代後期與九零年早期成功轉型為民主國家,而引以為傲。如果過去二十年來的民主進展從此抺煞,這不僅將令人難過,台灣的國際形象也將受到嚴害傷害。台灣必須向前邁進,而不應是開倒車回到過去戒嚴黑暗時代的不公與不義。

Signed:

簽署人:

Nat Bellocchi, former Chairman of the American Institute in Taiwan

Julian Baum, former Taiwan Bureau Chief, Far Eastern Economic Review

Coen Blaauw, Formosan Association for Public Affairs, Washington DC

David Prager Branner,  Director at Large (East Asia), American Oriental Society

Gordon G. Chang, author, “The Coming Collapse of China.”

June Teufel Dreyer, Professor of Political Science, University of Miami, Florida

Edward Friedman, Professor of Political Science and East Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Bruce Jacobs, Professor of Asian Languages and Studies, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Richard C. Kagan, Professor Emeritus of History, Hamline University, St. Paul Minnesota

Jerome F. Keating, Associate Professor, National Taipei University (Ret.).  Author, “Island in the Stream, a quick case study of Taiwan’s complex history” and other works on Taiwan

Daniel Lynch, Associate Professor, School of International Relations, University of Southern California

Victor H. Mair, Professor of Chinese Language and Literature, University of Pennsylvania

Donald Rodgers, Associate Professor of Political Science, Austin College, Texas

Terence Russell, Professor of Chinese Language and Literature, University of Manitoba

Scott Simon, Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Ottawa

John J. Tkacik Jr., Senior Research Fellow, The Heritage Foundation, Washington DC

Gerrit van der Wees, Editor Taiwan Communiqué, Washington DC

Vincent Wei-cheng Wang, Professor of Political Science, University of Richmond, Virginia

Arthur Waldron, Lauder Professor of International Relations, University of Pennsylvania

Stephen Yates, President of DC Asia Advisory and former Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs

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Specific cases of concern:

 

— The arrest and detention on October 15th of former Interior minister Yu Cheng-hsien;

— The arrest and detention on October 27th of former Hsinchu Science Park Director and Deputy Minister of Environmental Protection Dr. James Lee;

— The arrest and detention on October 29th of DPP Chiayi County Commissioner Chen Ming-wen;

— The indictment on October 30th of DPP Tainan City Councilor Wang Ting-yu;

— The arrest and detention on October 31st of former National Security Council (NSC) secretary-general and Deputy Prime Minister Chiou I-jen;

— The questioning of former Foreign Minister Dr. Mark Chen on November 3rd and insinuations in the press that he might be charged and arrested.

— The arrest and detention on November 4th of DPP Yunlin County Magistrate Ms. Su Chih-fen.

(November 4, 2008) US, European and Australian scholars and writers express concern about prosecutions in Taiwan / 二十位國際學者與友人聯署發表聲明,憂心台灣司法不公