The “Six Assurances” to Taiwan
In 1982, during negotiations for the Third United States – China Joint Communiqué on Arms Sales to Taiwan, the Taiwan government presented the United States with six points that it proposed the United States use as guidelines in conducting United States – Taiwan relations. According to former Ambassador John Holdridge, the United States agreed to these points, conveyed this assent to Taiwan, and, in late July 1982, informed the Congress of the agreement. The six points are:
- The United States would not set a date for termination of arms sales to Taiwan.
- The United States would not alter the terms of the Taiwan Relations Act.
- The United States would not consult with China in advance before making decisions about U.S. arms sales to Taiwan.
- The United States would not mediate between Taiwan and China.
- The United States would not alter its position about the sovereignty of Taiwan which was, that the question was one to be decided peacefully by the Chinese themselves, and would not pressure Taiwan to enter into negotiations with China.
- The United States would not formally recognize Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan.